In context of Openbravo Authentication is the act verifying a Users' identity. This can be done by asking for Username & Password and verify it against the built-in AD_User table or any other mechanism.
The process of Authorization which is to determine which actions (like opening a specific window, or launching a process) a user then is allowed to do is a separate topic and not scope of this article.
How authentication works in Openbravo ERP
When a user wants to gain access to an Openbravo ERP resource. Openbravo ERP asks to the authentication manager the application User Id of the user that request access to the Openbravo ERP resource. If the user has not been authenticated before the authentication provider has the responsibility of authenticating this user.
The following describes the flow of events happening when using the DefaultAuthenticationManager:
- Visit any Openbravo URL for the first time, a Cookie is send back to the browser to allow the usual creation of a HTTP-Session to allow to group the users' request together.
- The Authentication Manager's authenticate method is called to check if the session has been already authenticated. The DefaultAuthenticationManagers implementation checks for a special attribute in the HTTP-Session object to decide if this session is authenticated or not. As it is not yet it redirects the user to the standard Openbravo Login-Page asking for User & Password.
- When the Login Form is submitted the LoginHandler class verifies those credentials against the 'AD_User table and if accepted sets special attribute HttpSession to mark this session as authenticated and to store the userID of the authenticated user.
- Then a redirect to the previously requested page is done.
- For this request the AuthenticationManagers' authenticate Method is called again. As now the attribute is set in the HttpSession corresponding to this request it returns the userID of the authenticated User and the request continues to be handled in the usual way.
- The same now happens for any following request while normally using the application.
- This session will be invalidated by any of the following three events:
- Explicit logout by the user
- Session-Timeout (invalidating the HttpSession)
- Clear Browser-Cookie by the User
- In that case the flow is back to the first step and the same cycle begins again.
Note that this only described the flow of events when using the DefaultAuthenticationManager. Any other implementation may implement this different by i.e. not using the standard Openbravo Login-page at all or using another mechanism to mark the HTTP-Session as authenticated.
How to configure the authentication manager in Openbravo ERP
The authentication manager used in Openbravo ERP is defined in the configuration file Openbravo.properties. In the property authentication.class you have to write the class name of the authentication provider that Openbravo will use for this purpose.
Openbravo includes three AuthenticationManager implementations:
Default Authentication Manager
This is the default authentication manager provided by Openbravo. It is the classic authentication method that uses the Openbravo current login page to authenticate users.
After installing Openbravo ERP you do not need to configure anything if you want to use this authentication manager that is the classic method Openbravo authenticates application users.
Getting Authentication Manager
To obtain an instance of the Authentication Manager defined in the Openbravo.properties, it is possible to use the AuthenticationManager.getAuthenticationManager method.
Develop your own Authentication Manager
You can also develop your own Authentication manager. To do this you have to create a new java class that extends the abstract class org.openbravo.authentication.AuthenticationManager. This interface has the following methods:
public void init(HttpServlet s) throws AuthenticationException; public final String authenticate(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws AuthenticationException, ServletException, IOException public final String webServiceAuthenticate(HttpServletRequest request) throws AuthenticationException public final String webServiceAuthenticate(String user, String password) throws AuthenticationException public final String connectorAuthenticate(HttpServletRequest request) throws AuthenticationException public final String connectorAuthenticate(String user, String password) throws AuthenticationException protected abstract String doAuthenticate(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws AuthenticationException, ServletException, IOException protected String doWebServiceAuthenticate(HttpServletRequest request) protected String doWebServiceAuthenticate(String user, String password) public final void logout(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException protected abstract void doLogout(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException
The method init is called after the class is instantiated. It can be used to read the configuration parameters of the authentication manager if needed.
The method authenticate is called for each single request done which requires authentication. It invokes the abstract doAuthenticate method which if this request is authenticated, must the return the userid of the authenticated user. This id must be a valid ad_user_id of a existing entry in the AD_User table.
Otherwise the method must perform the needed steps to acquire some authentication and then return null' as return-value for the function. Usually this consists of redirecting the user to some kind of Login-Page and asking for credentials. After these have been verified the authenticate method will be called again for the next request an now will succeed and return the userId as described above.
The method logout is called when the user requests to close the current session. This method invokes the abstract doLogout. The work expected to be done by the authentication manager is to invalidate the existing session and redirect the user to a page where a new login page be done.
Web Services and Connectors
Web Service authentication invokes webServiceAuthenticate and connectors invoke connectorAuthenticate, both of them call doWebServiceAuthenticate. This method is implemented to do standard authenitcation, it first looks whether user (l) and password (p) are sent as request parameters, if not basic authentication is performed. doWebServiceAuthenticate method can be implemented by authentication managers in case different authentication is needed.
webServiceAuthenticate and connectorAuthenticate are overloaded to accept both HttpServletRequest parameter (default one) or String, String parameters. This second one, should be used by other services where the default one is not suitable, this ones receives user and password parameters.
Authentication with an External Authentication Provider
To authenticate with an external authentication provider, the provider configuration must be created, as system administrator, in the Authentication Provider Configuration window. In the header the following fields should be populated:
- Name: a descriptive name for the authentication provider
- Type: the type or authentication protocol used by the provider
- Sequence Number: determines the position in the login page of the button linked to this configuration. Lower values appears first
- Icon: the image show in the button that is rendered in the login page linked to this configuration
- Description: an optional text to include additional information about the configuration
If the selected type in the header is OpenID then the OpenID subtab is displayed, allowing to configure the specific OpenID settings required by the external authentication provider:
- Client ID: identifies the client application making a request to the authorization server. The client identifier is typically assigned by the authorization server when the client application is registered and is unique to the authorization server
- Client Secret: a confidential identifier known only to the client application and the authorization server. It is used to authenticate the client application when making requests to the authorization server to obtain an access token
- Authorization URL: the URL of the server to request for the authentication
- Access Token URL: the URL to request the OAuth 2.0 access token
- Certificate URL: the URL where the certificates required for the ID token verification can be requested. The supported certificate types that can be retrieved through this URL are:
- X.509 in ASCII PEM format
- JSON Web Key (JWK)
Note there can only be one active record in the OpenID subtab per configuration.
Once configured the login page will display one button per active configuration.
- The Google Sign In module is deprecated in favor of using this External Authentication Provider configuration.