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How to create a new REST webservice

Contents

Objective

In this howto article we will create a new webservice which returns all sales orders for a certain product. The article will focus on reading information and not updating the database. As the information is needed to be returned in xml format, we will show how objects read from the database can be converted to it.

The last section describes how to convert xml (received through a web service request) to a business object structure and update the database.

Openbravo REST provides a CRUD-like interface so that external applications can retrieve, update, create and delete business objects through standard HTTP requests.

We will add a webservice here which runs inside of the Openbravo REST framework. By implementing a new web service within Openbravo REST you can benefit from standard functionality such as security and exception handling.

An Openbravo REST webservice implementation consists of two parts:

Both parts will be discussed.

For an introduction to Openbravo REST, see:

  1. REST Web Services concepts
  2. This blog post

Module

All new developments must belong to a module that is not the core module. Please follow the How to create and package a module section to create a new module.

Bulbgraph.png   This article will assume such a module has been created accordingly.


Implementing the webservice logic

The webservice shall return all the sales orders for a certain product. Here is the workflow of the service:

  1. Receive the http request which contains the product ID as a parameter
  2. Read all sales orders which have this product in any of the order lines
  3. Convert the sales order(s) to an xml
  4. Return the xml to the client browser sending the request

As mentioned above your webservice class should implement the interface org.openbravo.service.web.WebService. This interface has four methods which correspond to the HTTP request methods: GET, POST, PUT, DELETE. The four methods all receive the same three parameters:

  1. path: the part of the path after the context path,
  2. request: the Http request object,
  3. response: the Http response object.

Within our scenario the 'request' object is required in order to retrieve the 'productID' parameter and the 'response' object to return the xml to the client browser.

Now assume that the webservice will be created in a module with javaPackage: org.openbravo.howtos. After creating a module (see the how-to create and package a module article) there should be a folder:

OpenbravoERP/modules/org.openbravo.howtos

Create a src directory in this folder and if you are using Eclipse add it to the source path (Java Build Path) of the openbravo project (see project properties in Eclipse). Within this folder, create the full folder structure according to the full package name we would like our webservice to reside in: org.openbravo.howtos.service.getsalesorders. Hence, the folder structure that should be created is:

OpenbravoERP/modules/org.openbravo.howtos/src/org/openbravo/howtos/service/getsalesorders/

Next create a new Java file in that folder:

OpenbravoERP/modules/org.openbravo.howtos/src/org/openbravo/howtos/service/getsalesorders/SalesOrdersByProductWebService.java

with the content given below:

 
/*
 *************************************************************************
 * The contents of this file are subject to the Openbravo  Public  License
 * Version  1.0  (the  "License"),  being   the  Mozilla   Public  License
 * Version 1.1  with a permitted attribution clause; you may not  use this
 * file except in compliance with the License. You  may  obtain  a copy of
 * the License at http://www.openbravo.com/legal/license.html 
 * Software distributed under the License  is  distributed  on  an "AS IS"
 * basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
 * License for the specific  language  governing  rights  and  limitations
 * under the License. 
 * The Original Code is Openbravo ERP. 
 * The Initial Developer of the Original Code is Openbravo SLU 
 * All portions are Copyright (C) 2001-2009 Openbravo SLU 
 * All Rights Reserved. 
 * Contributor(s):  ______________________________________.
 ************************************************************************
 */
package org.openbravo.howtos.service.getsalesorders;
 
import java.io.StringWriter;
import java.io.Writer;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
 
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
 
import org.hibernate.criterion.Restrictions;
import org.openbravo.base.structure.BaseOBObject;
import org.openbravo.dal.service.OBCriteria;
import org.openbravo.dal.service.OBDal;
import org.openbravo.dal.xml.EntityXMLConverter;
import org.openbravo.model.common.order.OrderLine;
import org.openbravo.model.common.plm.Product;
import org.openbravo.service.web.WebService;
 
/**
 * Implementation of example webservice querying for all sales orders on the basis of a product.
 * 
 * @author mtaal
 */
public class SalesOrdersByProductWebService implements WebService {
 
  private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
 
  public void doGet(String path, HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
      throws Exception {
    // do some checking of parameters
    final String productID = request.getParameter("product");
    if (productID == null) {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("The product parameter is mandatory");
    }
    final Product product = OBDal.getInstance().get(Product.class, productID);
    if (product == null) {
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("Product with id: " + productID + " does not exist");
    }
 
    // select lines from C_ORDERLINE table that match the product
    final OBCriteria<OrderLine> orderLineList = OBDal.getInstance().createCriteria(OrderLine.class);
    orderLineList.add(Restrictions.eq(OrderLine.PROPERTY_PRODUCT, product));
    final List<BaseOBObject> orders = new ArrayList<BaseOBObject>();
 
    // iterate through the lines
    for (OrderLine orderLine : orderLineList.list()) {
      // get the order and only add each order once
      if (!orders.contains(orderLine.getSalesOrder())) {
        orders.add(orderLine.getSalesOrder());
      }
    }
 
    // get an xml converter and set some options
    final EntityXMLConverter exc = EntityXMLConverter.newInstance();
    // also export OrderLines
    exc.setOptionIncludeChildren(true);
    // and embed them in the OrderLines
    // element in an Order.
    exc.setOptionEmbedChildren(true);
    // do not read and convert referenced data in the xml
    // so for example a product reference (from orderLine)
    // will be just one tag with the product id and not a
    // complete product xml document
    exc.setOptionIncludeReferenced(false);
 
    // also export the client/organization elements
    exc.setOptionExportClientOrganizationReferences(true);
 
    // write the output to a String writer
    StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();
    exc.setOutput(sw);
 
    // convert
    exc.process(orders);
 
    // and get the result
    final String xml = sw.toString();
 
    // write to the response
    response.setContentType("text/xml");
    response.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");
    final Writer w = response.getWriter();
    w.write(xml);
    w.close();
  }
 
  public void doDelete(String path, HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
      throws Exception {
  }
 
  public void doPost(String path, HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
      throws Exception {
  }
 
  public void doPut(String path, HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
      throws Exception {
  }
}

As you can see only the doGet method is implemented here, the update or delete would normally be handled in the other methods that do not apply to our requirements.

Here is the workflow of the doGet() method:

  1. first, it queries for the Product and then for the OrderLines
  2. for each OrderLine the Order is added to the result list.
  3. the result list is then converted to xml using the org.openbravo.dal.xml.EntityXMLConverter. This converter has different options as illustrated above. The javadoc of the EntityXMLConverter describes in detail what the meaning of these options is.

After adding the above Java file you should have something similar to the following file structure:


EclipseSource.png


If you use Eclipse, make sure you add the OpenbravoERP/modules/org.openbravo.howtos/src folder as a source path to your project (right click on the Eclipse development project and select project properties and then Java Build Path, add the folder here). This way, Eclipse will know to compile any java sources found within the src folder and subfolders.

Registering the webservice

Once the webservice is written you need to register it so that Openbravo ERP knows about it. Use an xml configuration file for this. This file needs to be created in the config folder in the module's folder:

OpenbravoERP/modules/org.openbravo.howtos/config

As this file is copied to the WEB-INF directory during the build with other configuration files it needs a unique name, hence:

<moduleJavaPackage>-provider-config.xml

where <moduleJavaPackage> is the module's Java package you entered when defining the module. In our case, it would be:

org.openbravo.howtos-provider-config.xml

Now, to the contents of this file:

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <provider>
   <bean>
       <name>doIt</name>
       <class>org.openbravo.howtos.service.getsalesorders.SalesOrdersByProductWebService</class>
       <singleton>true</singleton>
   </bean>
 </provider>
Bulbgraph.png  

IMPORTANT: Make sure the first line defining the xml file contains no leading spaces or the webservice will not work due to the non well-formed syntax!

The content of the configuration file is used in order to map the URL of the webservice to the class which will execute the logic of that webservice. The singleton element is not used at the moment.

Bulbgraph.png  

IMPORTANT: the URL used to access the webservice is reflected by the <name> registered here, prefixed by the module's java package, separated by a dot. Hence, the URL is defined by this formula: http://<serveraddress>/openbravo/ws/<moduleJavaPackage>.<name> . Note that only the <moduleJavaPackage> is used and not the entire package of the class that implements the webservice! More information on this will be given below.

Installing the webservice

The webservice can now be compiled, deployed and tested. To do so, use the following standard task used to compile manual code:

ant compile.development -Dtab=xxx

(note the xxx is used to execute a minimal compile step)

Restart Tomcat.

When installing the web service as a module, use the application's window Application Dictionary || Application || Module Management to install it and rebuild the application.

The org.openbravo.howtos-provider-config.xml file should now be present in the WEB-INF directory.

Calling the webservice

(Re-)Start Openbravo ERP and try out the webservice by entering this URL into the browser:

http://localhost:8080/openbravo/ws/org.openbravo.howtos.doIt?product=1000001
Bulbgraph.png  

Note that the product ID may be different with your installation. Also see that the java package of the module is prefixed to the webservice's name defined inside the config file. Remember the formula: http://<serveraddress>/openbravo/ws/<moduleJavaPackage>.<webservicename>

You will probably be asked to login.

Bulbgraph.png  

Note: The user should have enough privileges to read sales orders and products. If you are using the standard Openbravo SmallBazaar demo data and the Openbravo user, then this article should work with the role Openbravo Admin.

You should see the xml showing a sales order:

RESTWebServiceResult.png

Adding logic to do updates

So far we only discussed retrieving information from the database and returning it as xml. Updating information should officially (according to the REST principle) be implemented in the PUT method, but you need to choose what is practical. For updating, a common flow is the following:

  1. Receive the XML string from the request object.
  2. Convert the XML string to a set of Business Objects.
  3. Process these Business Objects, for example save them in the database.

Below you will find some sample code which follows this flow:

 
  public void doPut(String path, HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
      throws Exception {
    // read the xml from the request inputstream into a Dom4j Document
    final SAXReader reader = new SAXReader();
    final Document document = reader.read(request.getInputStream());
 
    // create a converter from xml to Openbravo business objects
    final XMLEntityConverter xec = XMLEntityConverter.newInstance();
    xec.setClient(OBContext.getOBContext().getCurrentClient());
    xec.setOrganization(OBContext.getOBContext().getCurrentOrganization());
 
    // for a webservice referenced entities should not be created, see the javadoc
    // for more information
    xec.getEntityResolver().setOptionCreateReferencedIfNotFound(false);
 
    // process the dom4j document, does the actual conversion
    xec.process(document);
 
    // list the new objects (which do not yet exist in the db)
    for (BaseOBObject bob : xec.getToInsert()) {
      System.err.println("New business objects: " + bob.getIdentifier());
    }
 
    // list the objects which will be updated
    for (BaseOBObject bob : xec.getToUpdate()) {
      System.err.println("Updated business objects: " + bob.getIdentifier());
    }
 
    // and return something...
    final String returnMessage = WebServiceUtil.getInstance().createResultXMLWithObjectsAndWarning(
        "Action performed successfully", "", xec.getWarningMessages(), xec.getToInsert(),
        xec.getToUpdate(), null);
    try {
      final Writer w = response.getWriter();
      w.write(returnMessage);
      w.close();
    } catch (final Exception e) {
      throw new OBException(e);
    }
 
    // NOTE: as transaction handling is automatic the updated objects are updated automatically
    // in the db at the end of the request, this may fail as the new objects are not inserted in
    // the db, therefore rolling back, this is just for demo.
    OBDal.getInstance().rollbackAndClose();
  }

Relevant Links

For a more detailed description take a look at Openbravo REST and other links.

Tips & tricks and trouble shooting

For trouble shooting and tips and tricks please see this link here. The tips and tricks section for example discuss a firefox plugin to make it easy to test REST webservices.

Retrieved from "http://wiki.openbravo.com/wiki/How_to_create_a_new_REST_webservice"

This page has been accessed 11,410 times. This page was last modified on 18 July 2013, at 14:06. Content is available under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 Spain License.